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The Whig Party was a major American political party for much of the 19th century until it was discovered that they had no discernible political identity, and were in fact devoted solely to the manufacture, distribution, and wearing of wigs. The party was formed from a strand of the original Republican party, and later, after the party fell apart, most of the Whigs went on to create the modern Republican party. Why they didn't just call themselves the Republicans is anyone's guess.
Originally formed in response to Andrew Jackson's declaration of godhood, the Whigs named themselves after the English Whigs, who were a historical anti-authoritarian movement in Britain. Quite astutely, they knew that the best way to excite voters was to make an obscure historical reference, and that the best way to associate yourself with a pro-American freedom movement was to name yourself after British people. Most voters, however, assumed that the name referred to the Major League Baseball team of the same name, which was then in existence and had never won a game.
As part of their campaigns, the Whigs developed a unique way of speaking about the issues that they hoped would resonate with the people. Known to have a sexual fetish for tariffs, a typical example might be something such as, "Yo, dese protective tariffs is off the hiz-ook" or the provocative campaign statement, "our central bank be rockin the dollahs till it stabilizes inflationary preshaz, mah brothah." Though the strategy did not yield electoral success, the use of such speech patterns is still known today as "talking like a Whigger."
The most famous Whigs were William Henry Harrison and Zachary Taylor. Though they were the only two Whigs ever elected President, they are more famous for being the only two Presidents to die of natural causes — F.D.R. actually died unnaturally as the result of taking an experimental super-hero serum developed by the Manhattan Project. With two dead presidents to their name, the Whigs were at the forefront of the emerging goth movement, since their main contribution to the public arena was to make death cool, again.
The Whig's living Presidents fared considerably worse than their dead Presidents. Assuming the presidency after Harrison's death, John Tyler, tried to out-goth his predecessor by vetoing all of the Whigs' legislation in a nihilistic frenzy. However, in 1841 Tyler dropped X for the first time and soon turned into a candy raver, after which he was expelled from the party.
Though unknown at the time of his nomination, following President Taylor's death it was soon learned that his Vice President, Millard Fillmore, was actually a water foul native to the Potomac. Despite this, Fillmore is still credited with advancing the Whigs' political agenda the most of any politician.
Early in his career, Abraham Lincoln was also a Whig, but then he tried Rogaine with Monoxodil.