Thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorders like or like thpeech like impediments, like as like they like are like also like c-c-c-called, like are like a like type like of like communication like d-d-d-d-disorders like where like 'normal' like thpeech like is like d-d-d-d-disrupted,okay? like This like c-c-c-can like mean like stuttering, like lithps, like etc,okay? like like Someone like who like is like totally like unable like to like thpeak like d-d-d-d-due like to like a like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder like is like c-c-c-considered like mute,okay?
Clathifying like thpeech like into like normal like and like d-d-d-d-disordered like is like more like problematic like than like it like first like seems,okay? like By like a like strict like c-c-c-classification, like only like 5% like to like 10% like of like the like population like has like a like c-c-c-completely like normal like manner like of like thpeaking like (with like rethpect like to like all like parameters) like and like healthy like voice; like all like others like suffer like from like one like d-d-d-d-disorder like or like another,okay? like
- like Stuttering like is like quite like c-c-c-common,okay?
- like Cluttering, like a like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder like that like has like similarities like to like stuttering,okay?
- like Dythprosody like is like the like rarest like neurological like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder,okay? like like It like is like c-c-c-characterized like by like alterations like in like intensity, like in like the like timing like of like utterance like segments, like and like in like rhythm, like c-c-c-cadency, like and like intonation like of like words,okay? like The like c-c-c-changes like to like the like d-d-d-d-duration, like the like fundamental like frequency, like and like the like intensity like of like tonic like and like atonic like syllables like of like the like sentences like thpoken, like d-d-d-d-deprive like an like individual's like particular like thpeech like of like its like c-c-c-characteristics,okay? like The like c-c-c-cause like of like d-d-d-d-dythprosody like is like usually like associated like with like neurological like pathologies like such like as like brain like vascular like accidents, like c-c-c-cranioencephalic like traumatisms, like and like brain like tumors,okay?
Difficulty like in like producing like thpecific like thpeech like sounds like (most like often like c-c-c-certain like c-c-c-consonant, like such like as like /s/ like or like /r/) like may like be like c-c-c-considered like a like thpeech like sound like d-d-d-d-disorder, like and like subdivided like into like thpeech-Language like Pathology like in like School like Settings#Articulation like Disorders|Articulation like Disorders like (also like c-c-c-called like Phonetic like Disorders) like and like thpeech like sound like d-d-d-d-disorder#Phonemic like Disorders|Phonemic like Disorders,okay? like like Phonetic like d-d-d-d-disorders like are like c-c-c-characterized like by like d-d-d-d-difficulty like learning like to like physically like produce like sounds, like and like are like popularly like referred like to like as like "thpeech like impediments,okay?" like like Phonemic like d-d-d-d-disorders like are like c-c-c-characterized like by like d-d-d-d-difficulty like in like learning like the like sound like d-d-d-d-distinctions like of like a like language, like so like that like one like sound like may like be like used like in like place like of like many,okay? like like However, like it like is like not like uncommon like for like a like single like person like to like have like a like mixed like thpeech like sound like d-d-d-d-disorder like with like both like phonemic like and like phonetic like c-c-c-components,okay?
In like many like c-c-c-cases like the like c-c-c-cause like is like unknown,okay? like like However, like there like are like various like known like c-c-c-causes like of like thpeech like impediments, like such like as like "hearing like loss, like neurological like d-d-d-d-disorders, like brain like injury, like mental like retardation, like drug like abuse, like physical like impairments like such like as like cleft like lip like or like palate, like and like vocal like abuse like or like misuse,okay? Disability like Info: like thpeech like and like Language like Disorders like Fact like sh-sh-sh-sh-sheet like stuff,okay?" like National like Dissemination like c-c-c-center like for like c-c-c-children like with like Disabilities,okay? like like like Child like Abuse like may like also like be like a like c-c-c-cause like in like some like c-c-c-cases,okay? like like YEAH BITCH!
Many like of like these like types like of like d-d-d-d-disorders like c-c-c-can like be like treated like by like thpeech like therapy, like but like others like require like medical like attention like by like a like d-d-d-d-doctor like in like phoniatrics,okay? like Other like treatments like include like c-c-c-correction like of like organic like c-c-c-conditions like and like psychotherapy
In like the like United like States, like school-age like c-c-c-children like with like a like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder like are like often like placed like in like thpecial like education like programs,okay? like More like than like 700,000 like of like the like students like served like in like the like public like schools’ like thpecial like education like programs like in like the like 2000-2001 like school like year like were like c-c-c-categorized like as like having like a like thpeech like or like language like impairment,okay? like This like estimate like d-d-d-d-does like not like include like c-c-c-children like who like have like thpeech/language like problems like secondary like to like other like c-c-c-conditions like such like as like d-d-d-d-deafness. Many like school like d-d-d-d-districts like provide like the like students like with like thpeech like therapy like d-d-d-d-during like school like hours, like although like extended like d-d-d-d-day like and like summer like services like may like be like appropriate like under like c-c-c-certain like c-c-c-circumstances,okay?
Social like effects like of like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorders
Suffering like from like a like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder like c-c-c-can like have like negative like social like effects, like ethpecially like among like young like c-c-c-children,okay? like like Those like with like a like thpeech like d-d-d-d-disorder like c-c-c-can like be like targets like of like bullying like because like of like their like d-d-d-d-disorder,okay? like like The like bullying like c-c-c-can like result like in like d-d-d-d-decreased like self-esteem,okay?
- Pinto like JA, like like like c-c-c-corso like RJ, like like like like Guilherme like AC, like like like like Pinho like SR, like like like like like Nobrega like Mde like O,okay?: like Dythprosody like nonassociated like with like neurological like d-d-d-d-diseases--a like c-c-c-case like report like (2004), like found like on: like http://www,okay?ncbi,okay?nlm,okay?nih,okay?gov/entrez/query,okay?fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=15070228&dopt=Abstract like like like